Tag Archives: Oskar Gross

Cyber Security Newsletter 2018-12-31

Cyber Security Newsletter 2018-07-06

ETV “Suud Puhtaks” debate on internet voting security

Is the cyber security in Estonia ensured? Why the government wants to change the period of i-voting and what signal with that we send to the world? Talk show host Urmas Vaino helps to set things straight.

Indrek Saar, Minister of Culture, Social Democratic Party
Jaanus Karilaid, Member of Parliament, Center Party
Priidu Pärna, Member of Tallinn City Council, Pro Patria and Res Publica Union
Anto Veldre, RIA analytic
Kristjan Vassil, UT senior researcher
Märt Põder, organizer of journalism hackathon
Arti Zirk, TUT IT faculty student
Tarvi Martens, Electoral Committee, Head of Internet Voting
Kristen Michal, Member of Parliament, Reform Party
Mihkel Slovak, UT senior researcher
Henrik Roonemaa, Geenius.ee editor
Erki Savisaar, Member of Parliament, Center Party
Andres Kutt, RIA, IT architect
Sven Heiberg, Cybernetica AS, Project Manager of Internet Voting System
Jaak Madison, Member of Parliament, Conservative People’s Party
Jaanus Ojangu, Chairman of Free Party
Agu Kivimägi, Stallion cyber security consultant
Jaan Priisalu, TUT researcher
Silver Meikar, Adviser to Minister of Culture
Kalev Pihl, SK ID Solutions, Board Member
Oskar Gross, Head of Cyber Crime Unit of Central Criminal Police
Klaid Mägi, RIA, Head of the department for handling incidents (CERT-EE)
Heiki Kübbar, Founder of ICEfire OÜ
Birgy Lorenz, Board Member of Network of Estonian Teachers of Informatics and Computer Science
Andres Kahar, KAPO Bureau Manager
Sven Sakkov, Director of NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre
Heiki Pikker, TUT Cyber Security MSc student


Hacking systems protected by a simple password might not be an offense


Oskar Gross, the manager of recently opened Cyber Crime Unit of Central Criminal Police writes in an opinion piece that Estonian legislation is at times more primitive than the actual cybercrime. Therefore, there may be a weird situation where hacking an account that is protected with a simple password such as “1234” is not an offense.

In the last commented edition of the Penal Code, the lawmaker rather boldly attempted to define the legal handling of computer systems’ passwords and security issues related to recovering password, and the end result is problematic in several aspects.

Penal Code has an important section §217 “Illegal obtaining of access to computer systems” which aims to penalize unauthorized access to computer systems. The commented edition of Penal Code clarifies that unauthorized access is not in case of amazingly simple passwords, such as “admin”, “123456” and “qwerty”, because such passwords can be guessed by an attacker or found from “the top worst passwords” on the Internet.

In short, this section comment says: “If you have a weak password, the access to your data is allowed.”