Category Archives: Governance

RIA Cyber Security Report 2016

The Estonian version of the report was released already in March.

One interesting piece of information disclosed in the report is the case of targeted attack against the SCADA system used at Viru Keemia Grupp AS. The case was also widely covered in Estonian media.

In 2016, traffic bearing the hallmarks of malware was spotted in the computer network of Viru Keemia Grupp (VKG), an Estonian group of oil shale, power and public utility companies. Software experts found the Mimikatz malware in the VKG office network, used in Windows systems to extract identity credentials (such as passwords, password hashes etc.). [..] Upon further investigation, it was found that a workstation in the SCADA monitoring segment was infected. The workstation was then removed from the network. Network traffic and examples of malware found on computers all pointed to a targeted attack. The malware and control server used have been linked to the APT28 cyber espionage group.

The report also includes RIA position statement on technology backdoors:

From Estonia’s perspective, strong encryption is vital for ensuring trust in the state’s digital services, as all of the e-services provided by the government and many private sector e-services are based on strong encryption (Estonian digital identity). In the longer term, building in backdoors would thus reduce trust in the digital state, but trust is an extremely important value for Estonia. As a result, Estonia has not supported building backdoors into e-services, and the objective and function of RIA continues to be to ensure the high level of trust in Estonian digital identity.


Cyber Security Support Group formed in the Riigikogu

Members of the Riigikogu formed the Cyber Security Support Group on Thursday, electing Arto Aas (he was chairman of the Riigikogu’s EU Affairs Committee at the time he had his Dropbox access data stolen. Source: ERR) as a chairman and Kalle Palling as a deputy chairman of the group.

The support group was founded with the objective of promoting the development of cyber security in Estonia, strengthening cooperation between the private and public sectors as well as raising society’s awareness of cyber security, according to a Riigikogu press release.

Others members of the Cyber Security Support Group of the Riigikogu include Keit Pentus-Rosimannus, Jüri Jaanson, Lauri Luik, Jürgen Ligi, Ants Laaneots, Laine Randjärv, Kalle Laanet, Madis Milling, Yoko Alender, Aivar Sõerd, Urve Tiidus, Taavi Rõivas, Remo Holsmer, Eerik-Niiles Kross, Kristen Michal, Erki Savisaar, Raivo Aeg and Jaanus Karilaid.

Will see in a year how productive the group will be.


Oxford Training Sessions on Government, Security, and Conflict in the Cyber Age



This three-day training session is organized and delivered by Oxford University faculty. It will discuss in detail the challenges and opportunities of the modern information society. These are not solely or even primarily technical in nature – they also involve elemental questions of political culture and institutions, public policy, ethics, law, and diplomacy.

Where: Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, Tallinn, room U01-202 (auditorium behind the main hall)

DAY 1: September 4, Friday, Grand Hall
09:00 – 10.00    Registration and welcoming
10:00 – 10:30    Course Introduction (Lucas Kello)
10:30 – 12:00    Lecture 1: Computing and Networks: The Basics (Andrew Martin)
12:00 – 13:00    Lunch break
13:00 – 14:20    Lecture 2: Code as a Weapon: Worms and Viruses (Andrew Martin)
14:20 – 14:30    Short break
14:30 – 16:00    Lecture 3: International Security and Conflict in the Cyber Age (Lucas Kello)
16.00 – 16.10    Short break
16:10 – 17:00    Day 1 summary

DAY 2: September 5, Saturday, Grand Hall
08:30 – 09:00    Registration
09:00 – 10:20    Lecture 4: Rules of War in the Cyber Domain (Lucas Kello)
10:20 – 10:30    Short break
10:30 – 12:00    Lecture 5: Cybersecurity and the Age of Privateering: A Historical Analogy (Florian Egloff)
12:00 – 13:00    Lunch break
13:00 – 14:20    Lecture 6: Origins, Principles and Functions of the Estonian State Information System (Kuldar Taveter)
14:20 – 14:30    Short break
14:30 – 16:00    Lecture 7: Designing User Friendly and Secure Services of e-State (Kuldar Taveter)
16:00 – 16:20    Coffee break
16:20 – 17:00    Day 2 summary and simulation exercise briefing

DAY 3: September 6, Sunday, Grand Hall
08:30 – 09:00    Registration
09:00 – 09:30    Simulation exercise set up
09:30 – 13:00    Simulation Exercise
13:00 – 14:30    Lunch break and group discussion
14:30 – 15:30    Post-Exercise Debriefing: Decisionmaking in a Crisis
15:30 – 15:50    Coffee break
15:50 – 17:00    Course summary

Registration open until 02.09.2015.


National Cyber Security Organisation: Estonia


The study outlines the division of cyber security tasks and responsibilities between different agencies, describes their mandate, tasks and competences, and the coordination among them. In particular, it describes the mandates of political and strategic management; operational cyber security capabilities and cyber incident management; military cyber defence; and cyber aspects of crisis prevention and crisis management. It also offers a summary of the national information society setting and e-government initiatives as well as the national cyber security strategy objectives in order to clarify the context for the organisational approach in a particular nation.

Agencies mentioned: Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications, Ministry of Defence, Cyber Security Council of the Security Committee of the Government, Estonian Information System Authority (EISA (RIA)), Estonian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-EE), Estonian Defence Forces, Strategic Communication Centre, NATO CCD COE, Estonian Defence League, National Crisis Management Committee, Ministry of the Interior, Estonian Internal Security Service (ISS (KAPO)).